Medications commonly known as steroids can be classified as anabolic steroids (anabolic androgen) or corticosteroids. Corticosteroids such as cortisone or prednisone are substances that doctors often recommend to fight inflammation in the body. Corticosteroids are not the same as anabolic steroids, which are often associated with illegal use in sports and banned from competition usage.
Anabolic steroids (anabolic androgenic steroids) are synthetic versions of the male testosterone hormone.
These are classes of drugs that are only available on prescription and are recommended for the treatment of various conditions that cause muscle loss.
The non-therapeutic use of anabolic steroids is illegal and prohibited by most major sports organizations. In January 2005, the steroid anabolic developer changed the controlled noun which added anabolic steroids and prohormones (hormone precursors) to the list of controlled substances and made the substance a federal offense. However, some athletes continue to use them illegally despite the fact that there are many serious health problems in this way.
How they work
Anabolic steroids are testosterone derivatives that help the body to metabolize the consumed protein and facilitate the synthesis of skeletal muscle. They also delay fatigue and may feel euphoric.
In general used steroids
Androstenedione (Andro) is a frequently mentioned steroid designer for athletes, although there is no scientific evidence to support its effectiveness in improving athletic performance. Andro is a complement to the natural steroid hormone. In 2004, the US Food and Drug Administration banned the sale of Andro because of the growing evidence of health risks for those who used it.
This banned steroid was associated with several Major League Baseball players, including Alex Rodriguez. It can be injected or taken as a tablet. Primobolan was a popular steroid among athletes as it creates a strength without muscle mass and without many unwanted side effects from other steroids.
Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) is another steroid designer who has a chemical structure similar to other prohibited steroids. It appears that THG was specially produced so that it is not detected by doping tests. The FDA banned the sale of THG in 2003, saying it was not a supplement but an unauthorized substance that makes the sale or use illegal.
Clenbuterol (Clenbuterol) is a selective, beta-2-agonist / antagonist, bronchodilator and sometimes prescribed for the treatment of obstructive pulmonary disorders. Like anabolic steroids, it can increase muscle mass, but it also has potential side effects.
Other prohibited steroids
Anabolic steroids are banned from competition by all major sporting institutions, including the Olympic Games, NBA, NHL, and NFL. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) maintains an exhaustive list of all prohibited drugs. Some include:
- Oral steroids
- Anadrol (oxymetholone)
- Oxandrin (oxandrolone)
- Dianabol (methandrostenolone)
- Winning hose (Stanozolol)
- Injectable steroids
- Deca-Durabolin (nandrolone decanoate)
- Durabolin (nandrolone propionate)
- Depo-testosterone (testosterone cypionate)
- Equipoise (boldenoneundecylenate)
Why do athletes take them?
The widespread use of anabolic steroids in athletes relies on improved outcomes.
Although the prevalence of the drug is widespread, new fabrics of creators are developed specifically to avoid detection. However, technology is constantly evolving, blood samples and urine from previous years are being tested with new science and are being exposed to athletes who have already used illegal drugs.
How are they taken?
Steroids are taken as tablets or injections. The most common dose occurs in cycles for several weeks or months, with a short interval between. This is called “cycling”. “Pose” means the simultaneous application of several different types of steroids. The “pyramid” involves slowly increasing the number, amount or frequency of steroids to reach the peak, and then gradually decrease the amount and frequency of the drug.
The dose used by drug addicts is often 10 to 100 times higher than what would be medically recommended for legal use.
Athletes who use steroids may experience withdrawal symptoms when they are finished. Symptoms include mood swings, depression, fatigue and irritability, loss of appetite, insomnia, and aggression. Depression can even lead to suicide attempts if they are not suppressed.